In-depth Analysis of Pattern of Occupational Injuries and Utilization of Safety Measures among Workers of Railway Wagon Repair Workshop in Jhansi (U.P.)

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Date: September-December 2017
Publisher: Medknow Publications and Media Pvt. Ltd.
Document Type: Report
Length: 2,741 words
Lexile Measure: 1600L

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Byline: Shubhanshu. Gupta, Anil. Malhotra, Santosh. Verma, Rashmi. Yadav

Context: Occupational injuries constitute a global health challenge, yet they receive comparatively modest scientific attention. Pattern of occupational injuries and its safety precautions among wagon repair workers is an important health issue, especially in developing countries like India. Aims: To assess the pattern of occupational injuries and utilization of safety measures among railway wagon repair workshop workers in Jhansi (U.P.). Settings and Design: Railway wagon repair workshop urban area, Jhansi (U.P). Occupation-based cross-sectional study. Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 309 workers of railway workshop in Jhansi (U.P.) who were all injured during the study period of 1 year from July 2015 to June 2016. Baseline characteristics, pattern of occupational injuries, safety measures, and their availability to and utilization by the participants were assessed using a pretested structured questionnaire. Statistical Analysis Used: Data obtained were collected and analyzed statistically by simple proportions and Chi-square test. Results: The majority of studied workers aged between 38 and 47 years (n = 93, 30.6%) followed by 28-37 years (n = 79, 26%). Among the pattern of occupational injuries, laceration (28.7%) was most common followed by abrasion/scratch (21%). Safety shoes and hat were utilized 100% by all workers. Many of them had more than 5 years of experience (n = 237, 78%). Age group, education level, and utilization of safety measures were significantly associated with pattern of occupational injuries in univariate analysis (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Occupational injuries are high and utilization of safety measures is low among workers on railway wagon repair workshop, which highlights the importance of strengthening safety regulatory services toward this group of workers. Younger age group workers show a significant association with open wounds and surface wounds. As the education level of workers increases, the incidence of injuries decreases. Apart from shoes, hat, and gloves, regular utilization of other personal protective equipment was not seen.

Introduction

Occupational or work-related injuries became more common after the industrial revolution. According to the International Labor Organization (ILO), occupational injuries and diseases represented 4% of total gross national product.[1],[2] Occupational injuries constitute a major portion of the global injury burden, comprising almost 30% of all medically treated injuries to adults aged 18 to 64 years.[3] Occupational accidents, although definitions vary widely, are those occurring at the place of work; the prevalence rate of accidents ranges from 7.8 to 27.7%, depending on the type of work performed.[4] A workplace injury is defined in the legislation as an injury 'relating in space, time and causality to performing his/her work, based on which he/she is insured, caused by an immediate and momentary mechanical, physical or chemical impact/exposure, a sudden change in body position, a sudden and unexpected exertion of the body, or other changes in the physiological condition of the body' (Article 22 of ILO constitution).[5] In the context of legislation, the major legal provision for protection of health and safety at workplace are Factories Act and Mines Act. However, greater than 90% of...

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A530677980