Resolvin D1 reduces cancer growth stimulating a protective neutrophil-dependent recruitment of anti-tumor monocytes.

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Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Article
Length: 8,700 words
Lexile Measure: 1580L

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Abstract :

Background Innovative therapies to target tumor-associated neutrophils (PMN) are of clinical interest, since these cells are centrally involved in cancer inflammation and tumor progression. Resolvin D1 (RvD1) is a lipid autacoid that promotes resolution of inflammation by regulating the activity of distinct immune and non-immune cells. Here, using human papilloma virus (HPV) tumorigenesis as a model, we investigated whether RvD1 modulates PMN to reduce tumor progression. Methods Growth-curve assays with multiple cell lines and in vivo grafting of two distinct HPV-positive cells in syngeneic mice were used to determine if RvD1 reduced cancer growth. To investigate if and how RvD1 modulates PMN activities, RNA sequencing and multiplex cytokine ELISA of human PMN in co-culture with HPV-positive cells, coupled with pharmacological depletion of PMN in vivo, were performed. The mouse intratumoral immune cell composition was evaluated through FACS analysis. Growth-curve assays and in vivo pharmacological depletion were used to evaluate anti-tumor activities of human and mouse monocytes, respectively. Bioinformatic analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was exploited to validate experimental findings in patients. Results RvD1 decreased in vitro and in vivo proliferation of human and mouse HPV-positive cancer cells through stimulation of PMN anti-tumor activities. In addition, RvD1 stimulated a PMN-dependent recruitment of classical monocytes as key determinant to reduce tumor growth in vivo. In human in vitro systems, exposure of PMN to RvD1 increased the production of the monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and enhanced transmigration of classical monocytes, with potent anti-tumor actions, toward HPV-positive cancer cells. Consistently, mining of immune cells infiltration levels in cervical cancer patients from the TCGA database evidenced an enhanced immune reaction and better clinical outcomes in patients with higher intratumoral monocytes as compared to patients with higher PMN infiltration. Conclusions RvD1 reduces cancer growth by activating PMN anti-cancer activities and encouraging a protective PMN-dependent recruitment of anti-tumor monocytes. These findings demonstrate efficacy of RvD1 as an innovative therapeutic able to stimulate PMN reprogramming to an anti-cancer phenotype that restrains tumor growth. Keywords: Resolvin D1, HPV cancers, Resolution of inflammation, Neutrophils, Classical monocytes

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A661569401