Patient-derived tumor models: a more suitable tool for pre-clinical studies in colorectal cancer.

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Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Clinical report
Length: 10,651 words
Lexile Measure: 1670L

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Abstract :

Colorectal cancer (CRC), despite the advances in screening and surveillance, remains the second most common cause of cancer death worldwide. The biological inadequacy of pre-clinical models to fully recapitulate the multifactorial etiology and the complexity of tumor microenvironment and human CRC's genetic heterogeneity has limited cancer treatment development. This has led to the development of Patient-derived models able to phenocopy as much as possible the original inter- and intra-tumor heterogeneity of CRC, reflecting the tumor microenvironment's cellular interactions. Implantation of patient tissue into immunodeficient mice hosts and the culture of tumor organoids have allowed advances in cancer biology and metastasis. This review highlights the advantages and limits of Patient-derived models as innovative and valuable pre-clinical tools to study progression and metastasis of CRC, develop novel therapeutic strategies by creating a drug screening platform, and predict the efficacy of clinical response to therapy. Keywords: Colorectal cancer, Tumor heterogeneity, Tumor microenvironment, Pre-clinical models, Patient-derived xenograft, Patient-derived organoids, Drug screening platform, Personalized medicine

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A665464844