The role of migration in Caribbean integration and development/El papel de la emigracion para la integracion y el desarrollo en el Caribe/Le Role of de la migration dans le developpement et l'integration de la Caraibe

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Author: Jay R. Mandle
Date: September-December 2011
From: Social and Economic Studies(Vol. 60, Issue 3-4)
Publisher: University of the West Indies, Sir Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic Studies
Document Type: Article
Length: 5,377 words
Lexile Measure: 1470L

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ABSTRACT

This paper hypothesizes that the emigration of highly educated Caribbean people is the common source of the region's slow pace of economic growth and the limited degree of integration it has achieved. After detailing both the recent growth and integration experiences, and recent data concerning emigration, it discusses how that outflow impairs economic development and lessens the strength of efforts to achieve regional integration. It concludes by noting that a reversal in the flow of human capital has occurred elsewhere and that a similar process could be achieved in the Caribbean by augmenting the already existing pattern of functional cooperation present in the region. In this, the University of the West Indies would have a key role to play in creating the kind of environment that would attract Caribbean emigres to return home.

Este trabajo presenta como hipotesis que la emigracion de ciudadanos caribenos altamente educados es una causa comun del lento ritmo de crecimiento economico en la region, asi como del limitado nivel de integracion logrado. Luego de detallar las mas recientes experiencias concernientes al crecimiento y la integracion, y datos recientes sobre la emigracion, se discute como este flujo hacia el exterior impide el desarrollo economico y reduce la eficacia de los esfuerzos para lograr una integracion regional. Concluye apuntando que en otras partes ha ocurrido una regresion en el flujo de capital humano y que puede lograrse un proceso similar en el Caribe por medio del aumento del ya existente patron de cooperacion funcional en la region. En este sentido, se reconoce el papel fundamental que habra de jugar la Universidad de West Indies para crear el tipo de ambiente necesario para atraer a emigrantes caribenos de regreso a sus patrias.

Cet article postule que l'emigration de caribeens hautement qualifies est la base du faible rythme de developpement economique et du niveau limite d'integration atteint au sein de la region. AptOs un passage en revue detaille des experiences recentes en matiere de croissance et d'integration, ainsi que des donnees recentes concemant l'emigration, il montre comment l'exode affecte le developpement economique et sape les efforts deployes afin d'atteindre l'integration regionale. L'article indique pour conclure que d'autres parties du monde ont connu une inversion du flux de capital humain et que la Caraibe pourrait connaitre un processus similaire en renforcant les tendances existantes dans la region en matiere de cooperation fonctionnelle. L'Universite des West Indies aurait un role important a jouer dans ce processus, en creant le type d'environnement qui rendrait le retour au pays attrayant pour les emigres caribeens.

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Two failures by Caribbean nations require explanation: the relatively slow pace of economic growth experienced in recent years; and regional integration's limited success. Both have been the subject of separate, extensive discussions. But the possibility that they may have a common source--namely, the region's huge outflow of people--has not been widely considered by regional scholars. This paper presents and defends that hypothesis and then goes on to discuss how the region could encourage a return flow of highly...

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A347968581