Acute Effect of Chili Consumption on Thermogenesis and Glycemic Response Following Oral Glucose Load in Men.

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Publisher: New Century Health Publishers, LLC
Document Type: Article
Length: 4,912 words
Lexile Measure: 1560L

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Abstract :

Hypoglycemic and thermogenic effects are attributed to the capsaicinoid compounds (capsaicin). The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute effect of the consumption of 5 g of chili pepper on thermogenesis and the glycemic response. In a pretest-post-test quasi-experimental study, the energy expenditure (EE) of 15 healthy men was evaluated by using indirect calorimetry at rest and with the consumption of 5 g of Capsicum annum. In addition, the glycemic response after an oral glucose load was evaluated. After the consumption of C. annum, there was a significant increase in the EE of all the participants during the first few seconds postchili consumption. In sedentary participants, the consumption of chili pepper caused a significant decrease of blood glucose levels. The consumption of chili pepper has a potential immediate thermogenic effect during the first few seconds and, in sedentary people, it has a potential hypoglycemic effect. Keywords: Capsaicin, Capsicum, Energy expenditure, Glucose response, Thermogenesis Abbreviations Used: Brown adipose tissue, BAT; Body mass index, BMI; Basal metabolic rate, BMR; Energy expenditure, EE; Endogenous thermogenesis, ET; Physical activity, PA; Respiratory quotient, RQ; Sympathetic nervous system, SNS; Total daily energy expenditure, TDEE; Transient receptor potential cation channel, TRPV1; Oxygen uptake, VO2; World Health Organization, WHO Corresponding Authors: Miquel Martorell, PhD, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Concepcion, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Concepcion, Barrio universitario s/n, 4070386, Concepcion, Chile. E-mail: martorellpons@gmail.com; and Raffaele Pezzani, BSc, MD, PhD, Endocrinology Unit, Department of Medicine (DIMED), University of Padova, via Ospedale 105, Padova, 35128, Italy. E-mail: raffaele.pezzani@unipd.it.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A659263658