The prevalence of compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue among nurses: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

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Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Document Type: Report
Length: 616 words

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Keywords Compassion satisfaction; Compassion fatigue; Burnout; Secondary traumatic stress; Nurses; Prevalence; Meta-analysis; Systematic review Abstract Background Compassion fatigue is a consequence of chronic work-related stress exposure among healthcare providers. Nursing is a high-risk, stressful profession which increases nurses' vulnerability to compassion fatigue symptoms compared to other healthcare workers. Compassion fatigue has serious consequences for nursing staff, patients and healthcare organizations. Though several studies on the prevalence of compassion fatigue among nurses have been published, the reported data vary considerably across studies; and few meta-analysis have examined the prevalence of compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue among nurses with large sample sizes. Objectives To systematically assess the prevalence of compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue among nurses, and to evaluate the effect of different geographical regions, years and departments on the prevalence of compassion fatigue. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis Data Sources The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsyclNFO, China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database (CNKI), Wanfang Database, Weipu Database (VIP), and Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM) were searched in the systematic review. The time frame for the searches included all literature before January 31st, 2020. Review Methods The reviewers independently completed study selection, quality assessments, data extraction and analysis of all included literature. The mean scores and standard deviations of the three subscales of the Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL) scale were pooled using random effects meta-analysis in Stata 16.0 software package. Finally, subgroup analyses were conducted to explore the sources of between-study heterogeneity. Results A total of 79 studies were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis, consisting of 28,509 nurses worldwide from 11 countries. In our studies, the pooled mean scores of compassion satisfaction, burnout and secondary traumatic stress were 33.12 (95% CI: 32.22--34.03), 26.64 (95% CI: 26.01--27.27) and 25.24 (95% CI: 24.69--25.79), respectively. In addition, the Asian region had the lowest levels of compassion satisfaction but the highest levels of compassion fatigue symptoms, while the Americas and Europe had the lowest levels of compassion fatigue but highest compassion satisfaction. Levels of compassionate fatigue in nurses increased gradually from 2010 to 2019, reaching the highest level in 2019; and nurses from ICU had the highest levels of compassion fatigue symptoms among all nurses. Conclusion The levels of compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue among nurses are moderate. Nurses from the Asian region and in ICUs suffer from severe compassion fatigue symptoms, and the prevalence of compassion fatigue has increased over time. These findings may provide hospital administrators with the theoretical basis for the management and treatment of compassion fatigue. Registration number PROSPERO [CRD42020164327] Author Affiliation: (a) College of Nursing, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No.1166 Liutai Road, Wenjiang District, Chengdu City, Sichuan province, 611137, China (b) Department of Anesthesiology and National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University and The Research Units of West China (2018RU012), Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Chengdu, China (c) Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No.39 Shi-er-qiao Road, Chengdu City, Sichuan province, 610072, China (d) University of Kentucky College of Nursing, 517 College of Nursing Building, Lexington, KY, 40536, USA (e) Department of Periodical Press and National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics, Nursing Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, P.R. China * Corresponding author at: College of Nursing, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No.1166 Liutai Road, Wenjiang District, Chengdu City, Sichuan province, 611137, China. Article History: Received 29 March 2020; Revised 26 April 2021; Accepted 29 April 2021 (footnote)1 contributed equally. Byline: Wanqing Xie [xiewanqing@stu.cdutcm.edu.cn] (a,1), Lingmin Chen [1010702289@qq.com] (b,1), Fen Feng [fengfen@cdutcm.edu.cn] (c), Chizimuzo T.C. Okoli [ctokol1@uky.edu] (d), Ping Tang [773456503@qq.com] (a), Li Zeng [1533878111@qq.com] (a), Man Jin [1010877250@qq.com] (a), Yonggang Zhang [jebm_zhang@yahoo.com] (e,**), Jialin Wang [wangjialin@cdutcm.edu.cn] (a,*)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A667643828