Evaluation of the rheological and electrical percolation of high-density polyethylene/carbon black composites using mathematical models.

Citation metadata

From: Polymer Engineering and Science(Vol. 61, Issue 7)
Publisher: Society of Plastics Engineers, Inc.
Document Type: Report
Length: 6,217 words
Lexile Measure: 1840L

Document controls

Main content

Abstract :

In this work, conductive polymer composites (CPCs) of bio-based polyethylene (BioPe) containing different concentrations of carbon black (CB) were developed. By using oscillatory rheology analysis, a Newtonian plateau was observed in BioPe, and all BioPe/CB composites had a behavior of a pseudo-solid and that composites with volume fractions ranging from 0.24 to 0.56 presented higher viscosity, storage, and loss modulus. This suggests the formation of a percolated network and by using the power-law models, it was observed that the electrical percolation threshold was higher than the rheological percolation threshold. The electrical conductivity was measured using the four-point probe method and a sigmoid model was used to predict the CPCs' electrical conductivity percolation threshold. The results indicated that the four-point probe method presented satisfactory results according to the calculated standard deviations and voltage-current characteristics for each round of measurements considering the same ranging as used in rheology analysis. The analytical model used showed a coefficient of determination ([R.sup.2]) higher than 95%, allowing the prediction of the electrical conductivity of the CPC and the percolation threshold as a function of the volumetric fraction of the CB. KEYWORDS analytical models, carbon black, electrical conductivity, percolation threshold, rheology

Source Citation

Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A670410076