Synergies and trade-offs for climate-resilient agriculture in India: an agro-climatic zone assessment.

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From: Climatic Change(Vol. 164, Issue 1-2)
Publisher: Springer
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 299 words

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Keywords: Agriculture; Agro-Climatic Zones; Climate change; Resilience; Indictors; Index; India Abstract Globally, agriculture is recognized as a highly vulnerable sector to climate change and risks from climatic aberrations pose an imminent danger to the food security and sustainability of livelihoods. To bring robustness in climate adaptation planning, evaluation of resilience across homogenous regions is essential for developing and scaling suitable location-need-context specific interventions and policies that build the resilience of the agricultural system. In this paper, we present an analysis and discussion of multi-scalar and multi-indicator assessment, by profiling resilience across agro-climatic zones of India, based on the development of a Climate-Resilient Agriculture Index embracing environmental, technological, socio-economic, and institutional and infrastructural dimension. A total of 26 indicators, spread across these four dimensions, were employed to purport inter- and intra-agro-climatic zone differentials in the level of resilience. Among the zones, it was found that West Coast Plains & Ghats and Tans-Gangetic Plains had the highest degree of resilience to manage climate risks. Most of the districts lying within Eastern Himalayan Region, Middle Gangetic Plains, Eastern Plateau & Hills, and Western Dry Region had a lower degree of resilience. The study places greater emphasis on deciphering region-specific drivers and barriers to resilience at a further disaggregated scale for improving rural well-beings. It is construed that devising action plans emphasizing awareness, preservation of natural resources, diversification, building physical infrastructure, strengthening of grass-root institutions, and mainstreaming climate adaptation in the developmental policy is crucial for climate-resilient pathways. Author Affiliation: (1) ICAR-National Institute of Agricultural Economics & Policy Research (NIAP), 110012, New Delhi, India (2) ICAR-National Academy of Agricultural Research Management (NAARM), 500030, Hyderabad, India (3) ICAR-Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA), 500059, Hyderabad, India (a) naveenpsingh@gmail.com Article History: Registration Date: 01/06/2021 Received Date: 07/20/2020 Accepted Date: 01/06/2021 Online Date: 01/22/2021 Byline:

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A649299597