How adaptive capacity shapes the Adapt, React, Cope response to climate impacts: insights from small-scale fisheries.

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From: Climatic Change(Vol. 164, Issue 1-2)
Publisher: Springer
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 344 words

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Keywords: Small-scale fisheries; Adaptive capacity; Social-ecological systems; Environmental change; Quantitative meta-analysis; Qualitative comparative analysis Abstract As the impacts of climate change on human society accelerate, coastal communities are vulnerable to changing environmental conditions. The capacity of communities and households to respond to these changes (i.e., their adaptive capacity) will determine the impacts of climate and co-occurring stressors. To date, empirical evidence linking theoretical measures of adaptive capacity to community and household responses remains limited. Here, we conduct a global meta-analysis examining how metrics of adaptive capacity translate to human responses to change (Adapt, React, Cope response) in 22 small-scale fishing case studies from 20 countries (n=191 responses). Using both thematic and qualitative comparative analysis, we evaluate how responses to climate, environmental, and social change were influenced by domains of adaptive capacity. Our findings show that adaptive responses at the community level only occurred in situations where the community had Access to Assets, in combination with other domains including Diversity and Flexibility, Learning and Knowledge, and Natural Capital. In contrast, Access to Assets was nonessential for adaptive responses at the household level. Adaptive households demonstrated Diversity and Flexibility when supported by strong Governance or Institutions and were often able to substitute Learning and Knowledge and Natural Capital with one another. Standardized metrics of adaptive capacity are essential to designing effective policies promoting resilience in natural resource-dependent communities and understanding how social and ecological aspects of communities interact to influence responses. Our framework describes how small-scale fishing communities and households respond to environmental changes and can inform policies that support vulnerable populations. Author Affiliation: (1) Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources, Stanford University, Y2E2, 473 Via Ortega, Suite 226, Stanford, CA, USA (2) Department of Biology, Hopkins Marine Station of Stanford University, 120 Ocean View Blvd, Pacific Grove, CA, USA (3) Santa Cruz, Institute of Marine Sciences, University of California, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA, USA (4) Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada (a) Article History: Registration Date: 01/05/2021 Received Date: 06/18/2020 Accepted Date: 01/05/2021 Online Date: 01/23/2021 Byline:

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A649429956