Men's social status among the Wola people of the New Guinea highlands is not correlated with selecting the best garden sites. However, access to female labor is associated with amount of acreage cultivated by a household, which relates to social status. Men's status is determined by the number of pigs handled in ceremonial exchange. Soil status contributes to egalitarianism rather than to social differentiation, as the men concentrate on wealth exchange rather than wealth production. Factors examined include garden site characteristics such as altitude, slope and surface topography and soil properties such as topsoil depth and color.