Advancing Survival in Nigeria: A Pre-post Evaluation of an Integrated Maternal and Neonatal Health Program

Citation metadata

From: Maternal and Child Health Journal(Vol. 22, Issue 7)
Publisher: Springer
Document Type: Clinical report
Length: 6,589 words
Lexile Measure: 1530L

Document controls

Main content

Abstract :

Introduction Nigeria contributes more obstetric, postpartum and neonatal deaths and stillbirths globally than any other country. The Clinton Health Access Initiative in partnership with the Nigerian Federal Ministry of Health and the state Governments of Kano, Katsina, and Kaduna implemented an integrated Maternal and Neonatal Health program from July 2014. Up to 90% women deliver at home in Northern Nigeria, where maternal mortality ratio and neonatal mortality rates (MMR and NMR) are high and severe challenges to improving survival exist. Methods Community-based leaders ("key informants") reported monthly vital events. Pre-post comparisons of later (months 16-18) with conservative baseline (months 7-9) rates were used to assess change in MMR, NMR, perinatal mortality (PMR) and stillbirth. Two-tailed cross-tabulations and unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression analyses were conducted. Results Data on 147,455 births (144,641 livebirths and 4275 stillbirths) were analyzed. At endline (months 16-18), MMR declined 37% (OR 0.629, 95% CI 0.490-0.806, p [less than or equal to] 0.0003) vs. baseline 440/100,000 births (months 7-9). NMR declined 43% (OR 0.574, 95% CI 0.503-0.655, p

Source Citation

Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A540937790