The diversity of unique 1,4,5,6-Tetrahydro-2-methyl-4-pyrimidinecarboxylic acid coding common genes and Universal stress protein in Ectoine TRAP cluster (UspA) in 32 Halomonas species.

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Date: Aug. 3, 2021
From: BMC Research Notes(Vol. 14, Issue 1)
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Report
Length: 2,483 words
Lexile Measure: 1570L

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Abstract :

Objectives To decipher the diversity of unique ectoine-coding housekeeping genes in the genus Halomonas. Results In Halomonas, 1,4,5,6-Tetrahydro-2-methyl-4-pyrimidinecarboxylic acid has a crucial role as a stress-tolerant chaperone, a compatible solute, a cell membrane stabilizer, and a reduction in cell damage under stressful conditions. Apart from the current 16S rRNA biomarker, it serves as a blueprint for identifying Halomonas species. Halomonas elongata 1H9 was found to have 11 ectoine-coding genes. The presence of a superfamily of conserved ectoine-coding among members of the genus Halomonas was discovered after genome annotations of 93 Halomonas spp. As a result of the inclusion of 11 single copy ectoine coding genes in 32 Halomonas spp., genome-wide evaluations of ectoine coding genes indicate that 32 Halomonas spp. have a very strong association with H. elongata 1H9, which has been proven evidence-based approach to elucidate phylogenetic relatedness of ectoine-coding child taxa in the genus Halomonas. Total 32 Halomonas species have a single copy number of 11 distinct ectoine-coding genes that help Halomonas spp., produce ectoine under stressful conditions. Furthermore, the existence of the Universal stress protein (UspA) gene suggests that Halomonas species developed directly from primitive bacteria, highlighting its role during the progression of microbial evolution. Keywords: Ectoine, Life under extreme conditions, Saline environments, Single-copy genes, Ancient bacteria and Archaea, Bioactive compounds

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A675240743