Calibration of radar differential reflectivity using quasi-vertical profiles.

Citation metadata

Date: Jan. 31, 2022
From: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques(Vol. 15, Issue 2)
Publisher: Copernicus GmbH
Document Type: Brief article
Length: 279 words

Document controls

Main content

Abstract :

Accurate precipitation estimation with weather radars is essential for hydrological and meteorological applications. The differential reflectivity (Z.sub.DR) is a crucial weather radar measurement that helps to improve quantitative precipitation estimates using polarimetric weather radars. However, a system bias between the horizontal and vertical channels generated by the radar produces an offset in Z.sub.DR . Existing methods to calibrate Z.sub.DR measurements rely on the intrinsic values of the Z.sub.DR of natural targets (e.g. drizzle or dry snow) collected at high elevation angles (e.g. higher than 40.sup." or even at 90.sup." ), in which Z.sub.DR values close to 0 dB are expected. However, not all weather radar systems can scan at such high elevation angles or point the antenna vertically to collect precipitation measurements passing overhead. Therefore, there is a need to develop new methods to calibrate Z.sub.DR measurements using lower-elevation scans. In this work, we present and analyse a novel method for correcting and monitoring the Z.sub.DR offset using quasi-vertical profiles computed from scans collected at 9.sup." elevations. The method is applied to radar data collected through 1 year of precipitation events by two operational C-band polarimetric weather radars in the UK. The proposed method shows a relative error of 0.1 dB when evaluated against the traditional approach based on Z.sub.DR measurements collected at 90.sup." elevations. Additionally, the method is independently assessed using disdrometers located near the radar sites. The results showed a reasonable agreement between disdrometer-derived and radar-calibrated Z.sub.DR measurements.

Source Citation

Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A691102541