Efficacy of mesenchymal stem cell transplantation therapy for type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis.

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From: Stem Cell Research & Therapy(Vol. 12, Issue 1)
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Article
Length: 4,099 words
Lexile Measure: 1350L

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Abstract :

Background This meta-analysis was first conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T1DM and T2DM). Methods We systematically searched PubMed, ScienceDirect, Google Scholar, CNKI, EMBASE, Web of Science, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Library for studies published from the establishment of the databases to November 2020. Two researchers independently screened the identified studies, based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. The combined standard mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of data from the included studies were calculated using fixed- or random-effects models. Results We included 10 studies in our meta-analysis (4 studies on T1DM and 6 on T2DM, with 239 participants) to examine the efficacy of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) therapy in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. According to the pooled estimates, the glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level of the MSC-treated group was significantly lower than it was at baseline (mean difference (MD) = -1.51, 95% CI -2.42 to -0.60, P = 0.001). The fasting C-peptide level of the MSC-treated group with T1DM was higher than that of the control group (SMD = 0.89, 95% CI 0.36 to 1.42, P = 0.001), and their insulin requirement was significantly lower than it was at baseline (SMD = -1.14, 95% CI -1.52 to -0.77, P Conclusion Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells has beneficial effects on diabetes mellitus, especially T1DM, and no obvious adverse reactions. Keywords: Mesenchymal stem cells, Diabetes mellitus, Type 1 diabetes mellitus, Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Transplantation therapy

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A661435604