Identification of Ferroptosis-Associated Long Noncoding RNA Prognostic Model and Tumor Immune Microenvironment in Thyroid Cancer.

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Date: July 20, 2022
Publisher: Hindawi Limited
Document Type: Article
Length: 6,680 words
Lexile Measure: 1440L

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Abstract :

Background. Thyroid cancer (TC) is a rapidly increasing incidence of endocrine malignancies, occupying 3% of new cancer incidence, of which 10% has a heterogeneous prognosis. Ferroptosis is a form of cell death distinct from apoptosis, which involves antitumor drug-related research. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) could affect cancer prognosis by regulating the ferroptosis; thus, ferroptosis-associated lncRNAs are emerging as prospective biomarkers for cancer therapy and prognosis. However, the prognostic factors of ferroptosis-associated lncRNAs in this solid tumor and their mechanisms remain unknown. Methods. The TC lncRNA data were extracted from RNA sequencing files of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Then, we performed a two-cluster analysis and grouped 502 patients with TC in a 7:3 ratio. Both the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression and Cox regression analysis were conducted to create and validate the ferroptosis-associated lncRNA prognostic model (Ferr-LPM). Based on the median Ferr-LPM-based risk score (LPM_score) of the training cohort, we categorized patients into high and low LPM_score groups, which were then subjected to prognostic correlation and difference analysis. We also created a nomogram and assessed its predictive ability. Furthermore, immune-related mechanisms were investigated by analyzing the tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) and applying algorithms such as CIBERSROT. Results. We built a highly accurate nomogram to promote the clinical applicability of Ferr-LPM. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC-ROC) reached above 0.9. Survival analysis suggested that when the Ferr-LPM score was higher, the overall survival (OS) of patients within this group was shorter. Meanwhile, we found a strong association between Ferr-LPM and TIME. Interestingly, the LPM_score was inversely proportional to the tumor purity but positively related to immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) response. Conclusion. We constructed a novel ferroptosis-associated lncRNA nomogram that could highly predict the prognosis of TC patients. Ferroptosis-associated lncRNAs might possess potential functions in regulating TIME, and lncRNAs provide TC patients with new prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A712138546