Implementing a skillslab training program in a developing country

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Date: September-December 2014
From: Education for Health(Vol. 27, Issue 3)
Publisher: Medknow Publications and Media Pvt. Ltd.
Document Type: Report
Length: 4,227 words
Lexile Measure: 1400L

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Byline: Trung. Tran, Albert. Scherpbier, Jan. van Dalen, Dung. van Do, E. Wright

Background: Eight skills laboratories (skillslabs) were established by consensus of Vietnamese medical universities, with international support. A national list of basic skills needed for medical practice and suitable for skillslab training was developed; models, medical and teaching equipment were supplied; learning material was developed and core staff and teachers were trained. This study was designed to assess how closely eight schools in Vietnam came to implementing all recommended skills on list developed by educators of that country, and identify the facilitating factors and barriers to skillslab use within the country's largest school. Methods: Data were collected from reports from the eight skillslabs. Students and trainers from the largest university were surveyed for their perceptions of the quality of training on eight selected skills. Results of students' skill assessments were gathered, and focus group discussions with trainers were conducted. SPSS 16 was used to analyze the quantitative data and cluster analysis was used to test for differences. Results: Only one medical school was able to train all 56 basic skills proposed by consensus among the eight Vietnamese medical universities. Deeper exploration within the largest school revealed that its skillslab training was successful for most skills, according to students' postprogram skills assessment and to students' and trainers' perceptions. However, through focus group discussions we learned that the quantity of training aids was perceived to be insufficient; some models/manikins were inappropriate for training; more consideration was needed in framing the expected requirements of students within each skill; too little time was allocated for the training of one of the eight skills investigated; and further curriculum development is needed to better integrate the skills training program into the broader curriculum. Discussion: The fact that one medical school could teach all skills recommended for skillslab training demonstrates that all Vietnamese schools may be similarly able to teach the basic skills of the national consensus list. But as of now, it remains challenging for most schools in this developing country to fully implement a national skillslab training program.

Background

Before graduating and starting their work as doctors, medical students must gain competence in a number of skills. The number and selection of skills required will depend on the local context. [sup][1] Since the 1970s, dedicated skills training centers known as skills laboratories (skillslabs) have been developed. [sup][2],[3],[4],[5]

Although skillslabs have been effective in Western countries, [sup][3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8] it cannot be assumed that they will work as well in all settings. Schools in developing countries often adopt Western teaching and learning methods, which may not meet the needs of their individual healthcare systems and cultural norms. [sup][9] In recent years, skillslabs have been established in many countries. However, because limited resources and experience will affect the choices made by each university regarding skillslab teaching, challenges will arise in training all students to the level required for graduating doctors. Skillslabs vary in their accommodations and resources available, ranging from one room with one manikin to purpose-built...

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A416964467