Effect of low-impact aerobic exercise combined with music therapy on patients with fibromyalgia. A pilot study

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Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Document Type: Clinical report
Length: 380 words

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To access, purchase, authenticate, or subscribe to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2016.07.003 Byline: Gemma V. Espi-Lopez [gemma.espi@uv.es] (*), Marta Ingles [marta.ingles@uv.es], Maria-Arantzazu Ruescas-Nicolau [arancha.ruescas@uv.es], Noemi Moreno-Segura [nomose@alumni.uv.es] Keywords Fibromyalgia; Exercise therapy; Music therapy; Quality of life; Depression; Balance; Pain Highlights * Low impact aerobic exercise is effective in improving depression and general discomfort among individuals with FMS. * Effectiveness is higher when combined with music therapy, with further improvements in quality of life and balance. * Motivation, consistency and adherence to treatment are highly important for a successful treatment. * The exercise in combination with music therapy showed higher adherence rate. Abstract Objective Fibromyalgia is a pathological entity characterized by chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain and the presence of "tender points". It constitutes a significant health problem because of its prevalence and economic impact. The aim of the present study was to determine the therapeutic benefits of low impact aerobic exercise alone or in combination with music therapy in patients with fibromyalgia. Methods A single-blind randomized controlled pilot trial was performed. Thirty-five individuals with fibromyalgia were divided into three groups: (G1) therapeutic aerobic exercise with music therapy (n = 13); (G2) therapeutic aerobic exercise at any rhythm (n = 13) and (CG) control (n = 9). The intervention period lasted eight weeks. Depression, quality of life, general discomfort and balance were assessed before and after intervention. Results At post-intervention, group G1 improved in all variables (depression (p = 0.002), quality of life (p = 0.017), general discomfort (p = 0.001), and balance (p = 0.000)), while group G2 improved in general discomfort (p = 0.002). The change observed in balance was statistically different between groups (p = 0.01). Conclusion Therapeutic aerobic exercise is effective in improving depression and general discomfort in individuals with fibromyalgia. However, effectiveness is higher when combined with music therapy, which brings about further improvements in quality of life and balance. Author Affiliation: Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Physiotherapy, University of Valencia, Calle Gasco Oliag, 5, E46010 Valencia, Spain * Corresponding author at: Gemma Victoria Espi-Lopez, PhD Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Physiotherapy, University of Valencia Calle Gasco Oliag, 5 46010 Valencia, Spain. Tel.: (34) 963983853. Fax: (34) 963983852. Article History: Received 6 March 2016; Revised 6 July 2016; Accepted 7 July 2016

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A518915599