Banana Xanthomonas Wilt Infection: The Role of Debudding and Roguing as Control Options within a Mixed Cultivar Plantation

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Publisher: Hindawi Limited
Document Type: Report
Length: 6,820 words
Lexile Measure: 1560L

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Abstract :

An optimal control framework is designed in which the use of clean planting materials, debudding, disinfection of tools, and roguing are considered as control measures of Banana Xanthomonas Wilt (BXW) within a plantation of multiple cultivars. A model for a special case of two cultivars (AAA- and ABB-genome cultivars) was analyzed. By Pontryagin's Maximum Principle, we characterized and discussed possible control strategies that substantially reduce the infection levels of BXW within a plantation of ABB- and AAA-genome cultivars. A combination of both prevention and containment controls yielded the greatest decline in the infection levels in both cultivars. Additionally, for effective BXW management, it is important to assess the endemic level of the plantation before application of controls, and once implemented, this should be maintained even when the disease is undetectable to eliminate possible resurgence.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A541012966