Identification and Antibiotic Resistance Assessment of Ensifer adhaerens YX1, a Vitamin B12-Producing Strain Used as a Food and Feed Additive

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From: Journal of Food Science(Vol. 84, Issue 10)
Publisher: Wiley Subscription Services, Inc.
Document Type: Author abstract; Report
Length: 349 words

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Keywords: 16S rRNA gene; antibiotic resistance gene; atpD gene; Ensifer adhaerens; minimum inhibitory concentration Abstract This study provides phenotypic and molecular analyses of the antibiotic resistance of Ensifer adhaerens strain YX1 (CICC 11008s), a strain that was identified using a polyphasic taxonomy approach. The antibiotic resistance profile of E. adhaerens YX1 was assessed using the Clinical & Laboratory Standards Inst. (CLSI) method. The strain was susceptible to ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin, gentamicin, tobramycin, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, imipenem, and ceftazidime, and resistant to kanamycin, streptomycin, fosfomycin, and nitrofurantoin. The antibiotic resistance genes nsfA, nsfB, fosA, aph, and aadA1 were not detected in E. adhaerens YX1 via PCR using gene-specific primers. Subsequently, the genome sequence of E. adhaerens was screened for antibiotic genes. Although no antibiotic resistance genes were identified using the ResFinder database, five genes copies of one resistance gene, adeF, were detected using the Comprehensive Antibiotic Resistance Database (CARD). The results of this study will be useful for understanding the phenotypic and genotypic aspects of E. adhaerens antibiotic resistance. No safety issues were identified for E. adhaerens YX1 in terms of antibiotic resistance. Performing similar studies will be conducive to the safety assessment and control of the use of E. adhaerens in the food and feed industry. Practical Application Few relevant reports are currently available regarding antibiotic resistance assessments or other safety evaluations for Ensifer adhaerens. Because of a lack of relevant information on the safety of this bacterium, including the genetic basis of antibiotic resistance in the production strain, it has not been recommended for use in the "qualified presumption of safety" (QPS) list and subsequent updated lists. The current study shows no safety issue of E. adhaerens YX1 in terms of its antibiotic resistance. These results are important as they provide an initial basis for an understanding of the antibiotic resistance/susceptibility of E. adhaerens YX1 (CICC 11008s), which produces vitamin B.sub.12 and is widely used in the food and feed industry. Article Note: Authors Ting Zhao and Kun Cheng contributed equally to this work. Byline: Ting Zhao, Kun Cheng, Yan-hua Cao, Arthur C. Ouwehand, Cui-feng Jiao, Su Yao

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A602675759