Comparison of senescence-related changes between three- and two-dimensional cultured adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells.

Citation metadata

Date: June 9, 2020
From: Stem Cell Research & Therapy(Vol. 11, Issue 1)
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Article
Length: 5,950 words
Lexile Measure: 1470L

Document controls

Main content

Abstract :

Background Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) have attracted widespread interest as cell-based tissue repair systems. To obtain adequate quantities of ADMSCs for therapeutic applications, extensive in vitro expansion is required. However, under current two-dimensional (2D) approaches, ADMSCs rapidly undergo replicative senescence, and cell growth is impeded and stem cell properties are eliminated by mechanisms that are poorly understood. These issues limit the extensive applications of ADMSCs. In this study, we investigated senescence-related changes in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) isolated from human adipose tissue in 2D and three-dimensional (3D) cultures. Methods We studied cell growth over a given period (21 days) to determine if modes of culture were associated with ADMSC senescence. ADMSCs were isolated from healthy females by liposuction surgery and then were grown in 2D and 3D cultures. The cell morphology was observed during cell culture. Every other time of culture, senescence-associated [beta]-galactosidase (SA-[beta]-gal) expression, cell viability, proliferation, and differentiation potential of ADMSCs from 2D and 3D cultures were detected. Also, senescence- and stemness-related gene expression, telomere length, telomerase activity, and energy metabolism of ADMSCs for different culture times were evaluated. Results With long-term propagation, we observed significant changes in cell morphology, proliferation, differentiation abilities, and energy metabolism, which were associated with increases in SA-[beta]-gal activity and decreases in telomere length and telomerase activity. Notably, when cultured in 3D, these changes were improved. Conclusions Our results indicate that 3D culture is able to ameliorate senescence-related changes in ADMSCs. Keywords: Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells, Three-dimensional culture, Senescence, Energy metabolism

Source Citation

Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A627408162