Genetic Dissection of Seed Dormancy in Rice (Oryza sativa L.) by Using Two Mapping Populations Derived from Common Parents.

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From: Rice(Vol. 13, Issue 1)
Publisher: Springer
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 327 words

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Keywords: Rice; Seed dormancy; Chromosome segment substitution lines; Backcross inbred lines; QTL Abstract Background Seed dormancy, a quality characteristic that plays a role in seed germination, seedling establishment and grain yield, is affected by multiple genes and environmental factors. The genetic and molecular mechanisms underlying seed dormancy in rice remain largely unknown. Results Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for seed dormancy were identified in two different mapping populations, a chromosome segment substitution line (CSSL) and backcross inbred line (BIL) population, both derived from the same parents Nipponbare, a japonica cultivar with seed dormancy, and 9311, an indica cultivar lacking seed dormancy. A total of 12 and 27 QTL regions for seed dormancy were detected in the CSSLs and BILs, respectively. Among these regions, four major loci (qSD3.1, qSD3.2, qSD5.2 and qSD11.2) were commonly identified for multiple germination parameters associated with seed dormancy in both populations, with Nipponbare alleles delaying the seed germination percentage and decreasing germination uniformity. Two loci (qSD3.1 and qSD3.2) were individually validated in the near-isogenic lines containing the QTL of interest. The effect of qSD3.2 was further confirmed in a CSSL-derived F.sub.2 population. Furthermore, both qSD3.1 and qSD3.2 were sensitive to abscisic acid and exhibited a significant epistatic interaction to increase seed dormancy. Conclusions Our results indicate that the integration of the developed CSSLs and BILs with high-density markers can provide a powerful tool for dissecting the genetic basis of seed dormancy in rice. Our findings regarding the major loci and their interactions with several promising candidate genes that are induced by abscisic acid and specifically expressed in the seeds will facilitate further gene discovery and a better understanding of the genetic and molecular mechanisms of seed dormancy for improving seed quality in rice breeding programs. Author Affiliation: (1) National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, 430000, Wuhan, China (g) Article History: Registration Date: 07/29/2020 Received Date: 01/20/2020 Accepted Date: 07/29/2020 Online Date: 08/05/2020 Byline:

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A631677415