Overexpression of TP53INP2 Promotes Apoptosis in Clear Cell Renal Cell Cancer via Caspase-8/TRAF6 Signaling Pathway.

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Date: May 14, 2022
Publisher: Hindawi Limited
Document Type: Article
Length: 10,350 words
Lexile Measure: 1420L

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Abstract :

Clear cell renal cell cancer (ccRCC) is a tumor of high malignancy, which can escape apoptosis. The tumor protein p53-inducible nuclear protein 2 (TP53INP2), known as an autophagy protein, is the essential part for autophagosome formation and sensitizes cells to apoptosis. Our study is aimed at exploring the role of TP53INP2 in ccRCC. We have identified the autophagy-related genes (ARGs) of differential expression in ccRCC patients with the help of the TCGA database by bioinformatics analysis. Our assays of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blot were for the determination on the both levels of mRNA and protein. Overexpression of TP53INP2 on cellular proliferation, migration, and apoptosis of ccRCC was verified in the ways of performing CCK-8, wound scrape, transwell and flow cytometry assays in vitro, and a mice tumor model in vivo. Transmission electron microscopy was used to measure autophagy formation. The underlying mechanisms of TP53INP2 on ccRCC were determined via coimmunoprecipitation. TP53INP2 was found highly associated with an outcome of worse overall survival (OS) in Kaplan-Meier curves, and this parameter in ccRCC tissues was also lower than the normal tissues. Overexpression of TP53INP2 inhibited ccRCC cellular proliferation, migration, and invasion, as well as the tumor growth of mice. Those cells treated with autophagy inhibitor chloroquine (CQ) or TP53INP2 increased the apoptosis rate. TP53INP2 promoted autophagy formation and elevated the ratio of LC3 II/LC3 I. However, TP53INP2 did not significantly decrease the p-mTOR level. In addition, TP53INP2 activates the expressions of caspase-3, caspase-8, and PARP. Caspase-8 and TNF receptor associated factor 6 (TRAF6) were found to bind to each other in the presence of TP53INP2. TP53INP2 induces apoptosis in ccRCC cells through caspase-8/TRAF6 pathway, rather than the autophagy-dependent pathway.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A704638081