Epigenetic Regulation of IFI44L Expression in Monocytes Affects the Functions of Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cells in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

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Date: May 10, 2022
Publisher: Hindawi Limited
Document Type: Article
Length: 5,712 words
Lexile Measure: 1320L

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Abstract :

Background. Interferon-inducible 44 like (IFI44L) is a newly discovered interferon-induced gene and has been reported to overexpress in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, little is known about the mechanism and function of IFI44L overexpression in SLE. In this study, we aimed to investigate the epigenetic mechanism of IFI44L overexpression in SLE monocyte and its potential functions contributing to the pathogenesis of SLE. Methods. We collected peripheral blood from 20 SLE patients and 20 healthy controls. Expression of IFI44L in monocytes and effects of different signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) pathway inhibitors on IFI44L expression were detected. Recruitment of ten-eleven translocation protein (TET) by STAT and methylation of IFI44L promoter were evaluated. Effects of IFI44L overexpression on the expression of surface markers on monocyte-derived dendritic cells (Mo-DCs) were analyzed. T cell differentiation mediated by Mo-DCs and related cytokines production were also analyzed. Results. Expression level of IFI44L was significantly increased in SLE monocyte. IFI44L expression was decreased most significantly in STAT3 inhibitor compared with other inhibitors. STAT3 regulated IFI44L expression and interacted with TET2 which induced DNA demethylation of IFI44L promoter. Overexpression of IFI44L in monocyte enhanced the maturation and functions of Mo-DC by upregulating costimulatory receptors and inducing Th1/Th17-related cytokines when cocultured with naïve CD4[sup.+] T cells. Conclusion. TET2 recruited by STAT3 induces DNA demethylation of IFI44L promoter which promotes IFI44L overexpression in monocyte contributing to the pathogenesis of SLE by enhancing the maturation and functions of Mo-DC. IFI44L is expected to become a new target for treatment of SLE.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A704638229