Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis preference, uptake, adherence and continuation among adolescent girls and young women in Kampala, Uganda: a prospective cohort study.

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Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Document Type: Report
Length: 6,248 words
Lexile Measure: 1400L

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Abstract :

Introduction: Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has been scaled up; however, data from real-world settings are limited. We studied oral PrEP preference, uptake, adherence and continuation among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) vulnerable to HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study among 14- to 24-year-old AGYW without HIV who were followed for 12 months in Kampala, Uganda. Within at least 14 days of enrolment, they received two education sessions, including demonstrations on five biomedical interventions that are; available (oral PrEP), will be available soon (long-acting injectable PrEP and anti-retroviral vaginal ring) and in development (PrEP implant and HIV vaccine). Information included mode and frequency of delivery, potential side effects and method availability. Volunteers ranked interventions, 1 = most preferred to 5 = least preferred. Oral PrEP was "preferred" if ranked among the top two choices. All were offered oral PrEP, and determinants of uptake assessed using Poisson regression with robust error variance. Adherence was assessed using plasma tenofovir levels and self-reports. Results: Between January and October 2019, 532 volunteers were screened; 285 enrolled of whom 265 received two education sessions. Mean age was 20 years (SD[+ or -]2.2), 92.8% reported paid sex, 20.4% reported 10 sexual partners in the past 3 months, 38.5% used hormonal contraceptives, 26.9% had chlamydia, gonorrhoea and/or active syphilis. Of 265 volunteers, 47.6% preferred oral PrEP. Willingness to take PrEP was 90.2%; however, uptake was 30.6% (n = 81). Following enrolment, 51.9% started PrEP on day 14 (same day PrEP offered), 20.9% within 30 days and 27.2% after 30 days. PrEP uptake was associated with more sexual partners in the past 3 months: 2-9 partners (aRR = 2.36, 95% CI: 1.20-4.63) and 10 partners (aRR 4.70, 95% CI 2.41-9.17); oral PrEP preference (aRR 1.53, 95% CI 1.08-2.19) and being separated (aRR 1.55, 95% CI 1.04-2.33). Of 100 samples from 49 volunteers during follow up, 19 had quantifiable tenofovir levels ( 10 |ig/L) of which only three were protective ( 40 |ig/L). Conclusions: Half of AGYW preferred oral PrEP, uptake and adherence were low, uptake was associated with sexual behavioural risk and oral PrEP preference. Development of alternative biomedical products should be expedited to meet enduser preferences and, community delivery promoted during restricted movement. Keywords: adolescent girls and young women; sub-Saharan Africa; HIV prevention; pre-exposure prophylaxis; adherence; retention Additional information may be found under the Supporting Information tab of this article. Received 21 July 2021; Accepted 22 April 2022 Copyright [c] 2022 The Authors. Journal of the International AIDS Society published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of the International AIDS Society This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A705626622