Encapsulation improvement and stability of ambient roll-to-roll slot-die-coated organic photovoltaic modules.

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From: Solar Energy(Vol. 213)
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 335 words

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Keywords Organic photovoltaic; Roll-to-roll; Slot-die; Module; Encapsulation; Stability Abstract The manufacture of ambient roll-to-roll (R2R) slot-die-coated organic photovoltaic (OPV) is the basis toward commercialization of OPV. The low-cost large-area encapsulation technique of stability improvement of flexible OPV module is under-investigated. The related reports on flexible encapsulation up-scaled from cell were limited. The present study develops an effective and easy encapsulation method and architecture design based on the inverted structure of ambient R2R slot-die-coated PET/ITO/ZnO/active layer/hole transport layer (HTL)/Ag. All module areas are greater than 48 cm.sup.2. The P3HT:PCBM and PV2000:PC.sub.71BM adopted as active layers have the performance conversion efficiencies of modules of 1--2.2% and 4.2%, respectively. The thermally-deposited MoO.sub.3 and slot-die-coated PEDOT:PSS HTLs are used to compare the effect of HTL on T.sub.80 lifetime of the large-area flexible R2R module under the accelerated test. The accelerated stability tests regarding to different encapsulation architectures, including damp-heat and light soaking stresses, were conducted. The intrinsic and extrinsic degradation effects are analyzed. We develop the simple encapsulation design effectively suppressing the lateral ingress of oxygen and moisture. The T.sub.80 lifetime of P3HT:PCBM-based module can be improved to be 1500 h under the damp-heat test (65 °C/65% RH). The T.sub.80 lifetime of PV2000:PC.sub.71BM-based module can last for 7000 h under the dark and ambient environment (30 °C/50 [plus or minus] 20% RH). Author Affiliation: (a) Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, Longtan, Taoyuan 32546, Taiwan (b) Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (c) Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (d) Department of Materials Engineering, Ming Chi University of Technology, New Taipei City 24301, Taiwan * Corresponding authors at: Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, Longtan, Taoyuan, 32546, Taiwan (C.-S. Tsao). Ming Chi University of Technology, New Taipei City 24301, Taiwan (Y.-C. Huang). Article History: Received 15 June 2020; Revised 19 October 2020; Accepted 7 November 2020 Byline: Ching-Yu Lee (a), Cheng-Si Tsao [cstsao@iner.gov.tw] (a,b,*), Hua-Kai Lin (a), Hou-Chin Cha (a), Tsui-Yun Chung (a), Yun-Ming Sung (c), Yu-Ching Huang [huangyc@mail.mcut.edu.tw] (d,*)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A648932515