RESCUING THE SURVIVING SOULS
377pp. Princeton University
Press. 30 [pounds sterling] (US $35).
In 1648 Ukraine erupted. For almost a century Poland had ruled this lightly populated territory, and its magnates had leased the management of their vast estates to a growing population of Jews. When the martial Cossacks, under Bohdan Khmelnytsky, turned on their Polish overlords, many Ukrainian peasants enthusiastically joined them, directing much of their violence against the magnates' more vulnerable agents. The slaughter of Jews during the Khmelnytsky Uprising (1648-54), luridly recorded in survivor chronicles, has been inscribed into Jewish memory as a massacre of major proportions.
In the postwar decades these victims were widely estimated at 100,000 or more....