Crown, Church, and Episcopate under Louis XIV

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Date: Mar. 2006
From: Theological Studies(Vol. 67, Issue 1)
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd. (UK)
Document Type: Book review
Length: 761 words

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CROWN, CHURCH, AND EPISCOPATE UNDER LOUIS XIV. By Joseph Bergin. New Haven: Yale University, 2004. Pp. xii + 544. $60.

The author of The Making of the French Episcopate, 1589-1661 (Yale University, 1996), Bergin now expands his coverage of the bishops of early modern France, examining in this new volume the some 250 prelates who assumed episcopal office during the personal reign (1661-1715) of Louis XIV. Louis was monarch from 1643, but for the first 18 years of his reign Cardinal Mazarin and/or Queen Mother Ann of Austria did most of the decision making, including on matters of church patronage. From 1661 on, the Sun King made his own decisions and ruled without a prime minister. In church-state relations, he had inherited the 1516 Concordat of Bologna agreed upon by King Francis I and Pope Leo X; it set the terms under which nominations to French bishoprics and abbeys would be made by the French monarch and confirmed by the pope. Royal nomination was not a matter of submitting a list of candidates to Rome; a single name was forwarded when a see became vacant. There was every expectation of...

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A143160433