A DCNN-LSTM (Deep Convolutional Neural Network-Long Short Term Memory) model is proposed to recognize and track table tennis's real-time trajectory in complex environments, aiming to help the audiences understand competition details and provide a reference for training enthusiasts using computers. Real-time motion features are extracted via deep reinforcement networks. DCNN tracks the recognized objects, and the LSTM algorithm predicts the ball's trajectory. The model is tested on a self-built video dataset and existing systems and compared with other algorithms to verify its effectiveness. Finally, an overall tactical detection system is built to measure ball rotation and predict ball trajectory. Results demonstrate that in feature extraction, the Deep Deterministic Policy Gradient (DDPG) algorithm has the best performance, with a maximum accuracy rate of 89% and a minimum mean square error of 0.2475. The accuracy of target tracking effect and trajectory prediction is as high as 90%. Compared with traditional methods, the performance of the DCNN-LSTM model based on deep learning is improved by 23.17%. The implemented automatic detection system of table tennis tactical indicators can deal with the problems of table tennis tracking and rotation measurement. It can provide a theoretical foundation and practical value for related research in real-time dynamic detection of balls.