Objective The current study investigated the mechanism underlying the therapeutic effects of berberine in the vasculature in hypertension. Methods Angiotensin II (Ang II)-loaded osmotic pumps were implanted in C57BL/6J mice with or without berberine administration. Mouse aortae were suspended in myograph for force measurement. Microarray technology were performed to analyze expression profiles of lncRNAs and mRNAs in the aortae. These dysregulated expressions were then validated by qRT-PCR. LncRNA-mRNA co-expression network was constructed to reveal the specific relationships. Results Ang II resulted in a significant increase in the blood pressure of mice, which was suppressed by berberine. The impaired endothelium-dependent aortic relaxation was restored in hypertensive mice. Microarray data revealed that 578 lncRNAs and 554 mRNAs were up-regulated, while 320 lncRNAs and 377 mRNAs were down-regulated in the aortae by Ang II; both were reversed by berberine treatment. qRT-PCR validation results of differentially expressed genes (14 lncRNAs and 6 mRNAs) were completely consistent with the microarray data. GO analysis showed that these verified differentially expressed genes were significantly enriched in terms of "cellular process", "biological regulation" and "regulation of biological process", whilst KEGG analysis identified vascular function-related pathways including cAMP signaling pathway, cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, and calcium signaling pathway etc. Importantly, we observed that lncRNA ENSMUST00000144849, ENSMUST00000155383, and AK041185 were majorly expressed in endothelial cells. Conclusion The present results suggest that the five lncRNAs ENSMUST00000144849, NR_028422, ENSMUST00000155383, AK041185, and uc.335+ might serve critical regulatory roles in hypertensive vasculature by targeting pivotal mRNAs and subsequently affecting vascular function-related pathways. Moreover, these lncRNAs were modulated by berberine, therefore providing the novel potential therapeutic targets of berberine in hypertension. Furthermore, lncRNA ENSMUST00000144849, ENSMUST00000155383, and AK041185 might be involved in the preservation of vascular endothelial cell function.