Cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) phenotypic conversion to myofibroblasts (MFs) represents a crucial event in cardiac fibrosis that leads to impaired cardiac function. However, regulation of this phenotypic transformation remains unclear. Here, we showed that sirtuin-7 (Sirt7) plays an important role in the regulation of MFs differentiation. Sirt7 expression and phosphorylation were upregulated in CFs upon angiotensin-II (Ang-II) stimulation. Sirt7 depletion by siRNA in CFs resulted in decreased cell proliferation and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition. Further, examination of Sirt7-depleted CFs demonstrated significantly lower expression of [alpha]-smooth muscle actin ([alpha]-SMA), the classical marker of MFs differentiation, and decreased formation of focal adhesions. Moreover, overexpression of Sirt7 increased [alpha]-SMA expression in Ang-II treated CFs and exacerbated Ang-II-induced MFs differentiation. Moreover, Sirt7 depletion could largely reverse Ang-II induced increase of nuclear translocalization and activity of smad2 and extracellular regulated kinases (ERK) in CFs. Importantly, the increased differentiation of CFs to MFs was also abolished by smad2 siRNA or U0126. Our findings reveal a novel role of Sirt7 and its phosphorylation in the phenotypic conversion of CFs to MFs and might lead to the development of new therapeutic and prognostic tools for cardiac fibrosis.