FLUXNET-CH.sub.4: a global, multi-ecosystem dataset and analysis of methane seasonality from freshwater wetlands.

Citation metadata

From: Earth System Science Data(Vol. 13, Issue 7)
Publisher: Copernicus GmbH
Document Type: Article
Length: 512 words

Document controls

Main content

Abstract :

Methane (CH.sub.4) emissions from natural landscapes constitute roughly half of global CH.sub.4 contributions to the atmosphere, yet large uncertainties remain in the absolute magnitude and the seasonality of emission quantities and drivers. Eddy covariance (EC) measurements of CH.sub.4 flux are ideal for constraining ecosystem-scale CH.sub.4 emissions due to quasi-continuous and high-temporal-resolution CH.sub.4 flux measurements, coincident carbon dioxide, water, and energy flux measurements, lack of ecosystem disturbance, and increased availability of datasets over the last decade. Here, we (1) describe the newly published dataset, FLUXNET-CH.sub.4 Version 1.0, the first open-source global dataset of CH.sub.4 EC measurements (available at https://fluxnet.org/data/fluxnet-ch4-community-product/, last access: 7 April 2021). FLUXNET-CH.sub.4 includes half-hourly and daily gap-filled and non-gap-filled aggregated CH.sub.4 fluxes and meteorological data from 79 sites globally: 42 freshwater wetlands, 6 brackish and saline wetlands, 7 formerly drained ecosystems, 7 rice paddy sites, 2 lakes, and 15 uplands. Then, we (2) evaluate FLUXNET-CH.sub.4 representativeness for freshwater wetland coverage globally because the majority of sites in FLUXNET-CH.sub.4 Version 1.0 are freshwater wetlands which are a substantial source of total atmospheric CH.sub.4 emissions; and (3) we provide the first global estimates of the seasonal variability and seasonality predictors of freshwater wetland CH.sub.4 fluxes. Our representativeness analysis suggests that the freshwater wetland sites in the dataset cover global wetland bioclimatic attributes (encompassing energy, moisture, and vegetation-related parameters) in arctic, boreal, and temperate regions but only sparsely cover humid tropical regions. Seasonality metrics of wetland CH.sub.4 emissions vary considerably across latitudinal bands. In freshwater wetlands (except those between 20.sup." S to 20.sup." N) the spring onset of elevated CH.sub.4 emissions starts 3 d earlier, and the CH.sub.4 emission season lasts 4 d longer, for each degree Celsius increase in mean annual air temperature. On average, the spring onset of increasing CH.sub.4 emissions lags behind soil warming by 1 month, with very few sites experiencing increased CH.sub.4 emissions prior to the onset of soil warming. In contrast, roughly half of these sites experience the spring onset of rising CH.sub.4 emissions prior to the spring increase in gross primary productivity (GPP). The timing of peak summer CH.sub.4 emissions does not correlate with the timing for either peak summer temperature or peak GPP. Our results provide seasonality parameters for CH.sub.4 modeling and highlight seasonality metrics that cannot be predicted by temperature or GPP (i.e., seasonality of CH.sub.4 peak). FLUXNET-CH.sub.4 is a powerful new resource for diagnosing and understanding the role of terrestrial ecosystems and climate drivers in the global CH.sub.4 cycle, and future additions of sites in tropical ecosystems and site years of data collection will provide added value to this database. All seasonality parameters are available at https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4672601 (Delwiche et al., 2021). Additionally, raw FLUXNET-CH.sub.4 data used to extract seasonality parameters can be downloaded from https://fluxnet.org/data/fluxnet-ch4-community-product/ (last access: 7 April 2021), and a complete list of the 79 individual site data DOIs is provided in Table 2 of this paper.

Source Citation

Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A670027117