Accurate categorisation of menopausal status for research studies: a step-by-step guide and detailed algorithm considering age, self-reported menopause and factors potentially masking the occurrence of menopause.

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From: BMC Research Notes(Vol. 15, Issue 1)
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Report
Length: 2,966 words
Lexile Measure: 1570L

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Abstract :

Objective Menopausal status impacts risk for many health outcomes. However, factors including hysterectomy without oophorectomy and Menopausal Hormone Therapy (MHT) can mask menopause, affecting reliability of self-reported menopausal status in surveys. We describe a step-by-step algorithm for classifying menopausal status using: directly self-reported menopausal status; MHT use; hysterectomy; oophorectomy; intervention timing; and attained age. We illustrate this approach using the Australian 45 and Up Study cohort (142,973 women aged [greater than or equai to] 45 years). Results We derived a detailed seven-category menopausal status, able to be further consolidated into four categories ("pre-menopause"/"peri-menopause"/"post-menopause"/"unknown") accounting for participants' ages. 48.3% of women had potentially menopause-masking interventions. Overall, 93,107 (65.1%), 9076 (6.4%), 17,930 (12.5%) and 22,860 (16.0%) women had a directly self-reported "post-menopause", "peri-menopause", "pre-menopause" and "not sure"/missing status, respectively. 61,464 women with directly self-reported "post-menopause" status were assigned a "natural menopause" detailed derived status (menopause without MHT use/hysterectomy/oophorectomy). By accounting for participants' ages, 105,817 (74.0%) women were assigned a "post-menopause" consolidated derived status, including 15,009 of 22,860 women with "not sure"/missing directly self-reported status. Conversely, 3178 of women with directly self-reported "post-menopause" status were assigned "unknown" consolidated derived status. This algorithm is likely to improve the accuracy and reliability of studies examining outcomes impacted by menopausal status. Keywords: Menopause, Hysterectomy, Oophorectomy, Menopausal hormone therapy, 45 and Up Study, Menopausal status, Algorithm

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A699501087