Blockade of NLRP3/Caspase-1/IL-1β Regulated Th17/Treg Immune Imbalance and Attenuated the Neutrophilic Airway Inflammation in an Ovalbumin-Induced Murine Model of Asthma.

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Date: May 25, 2022
Publisher: Hindawi Limited
Document Type: Article
Length: 6,370 words
Lexile Measure: 1290L

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Abstract :

Asthma is a heterogeneous inflammatory disorder of the airways, and multiple studies have addressed the vital role of the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3)/caspase-1/interleukin-1β (IL-1β ) pathway in asthma, but its impact on ovalbumin- (OVA-) induced neutrophilic asthma remains unclear. Here, we explored this pathway's effect on airway inflammation in neutrophilic asthma to clarify whether blocking this signaling could alleviate asthmatic airway inflammation. Using an established OVA-induced neutrophilic asthma mouse model, we provided asthmatic mice with a highly selective NLRP3 inhibitor, MCC950, and a specific caspase-1 inhibitor, Ac-YVAD-cmk. Our results indicated that asthmatic mice exhibited increased airway hyperresponsiveness, neutrophil infiltration, and airway mucus hypersecretion, upregulated retinoid-related orphan receptor-γ t (RORγ t) mRNA expression, and downregulated fork head box p3 (Foxp3) mRNA expression, which was concurrent with NLRP3 inflammasome activation and upregulation of caspase-1, IL-1β , and IL-18 expression in lung. Treatment of NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitors significantly attenuated airway hyperresponsiveness, airway inflammation, and reversed T helper 17 (Th17)/regulatory T (Treg) cell imbalance in asthmatic mice. We propose that the NLRP3/caspase-1/IL-1β pathway plays an important role in the pathological process of neutrophilic asthma and provides evidence that blocking this pathway could potentially be a treatment strategy to ameliorate airway inflammation in asthma after validation with future experimental and clinical studies.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A706121688