The Chinese Children and Families Cohort Study: The Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Ultraviolet Radiation Data Collection

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From: Nutrition Today(Vol. 53, Issue 3)
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, WK Health
Document Type: Author abstract; Report
Length: 930 words

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Byline: Nancy Potischman, Nancy Potischman, PhD, is the Director of Population Studies, in the Office of Disease Prevention in the Office of the Director of the National Institutes of Health and the principal investigator of the Chinese Children and Families Cohort Study (CFCS) Pilot Study 2. Liwen Fang, MD, PhD, is Director of Cancer Division, National Center for Chronic and Noncommunicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China. Ling Hao, MD, PhD, is a Project Officer, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention China Office, Beijing, China. Regan R. Bailey, PhD, MPH, formerly at the Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland. David Berrigan, PhD, MPH, is a Program Director, Division of Cancer Control and Population Studies, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland. Robert John Berry, MD, MPHTM, is a medical epidemiologist, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, and the US Principal Investigator of the Community Intervention Program in China (retired). Alison Brodie, PhD, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. Ann Chao, PhD, is a Senior Advisor for Cancer and Noncommunicable Diseases, Center for Global Health, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland. Jing Chen, MSc, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China. Kevin Dodd, PhD, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland. Yajing Feng, MSc, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China. Guansheng Ma, PhD, is Chair of Department of Nutrition and Food Safety, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, China. Yuna He, PhD, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China. Jing Fan, MSc, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China. Michael Kimlin, PhD, is professor of Cancer Prevention, University of the Sunshine Coast & Cancer Council Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. Cari Kitahara, PhD, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland. Martha Linet, MD, MPH, served as Chief of the Radiation Epidemiology Branch from 2002 to 2014 in the Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics of the National Cancer Institute and principal investigator of the larger CFCS Pilot Study 1. Zhu Li, MD, MPH, is a consultant and Principal Investigator of the Community Intervention Program in China, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, China (retired). Ailing Liu, PhD, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China. Yashan Liu, MD, Department of Maternal and Child Health in Rural and Urban Centers in China. Joshua Sampson, PhD, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland. Joseph Su, PhD, MPH, is a professor in the Department of Epidemiology and codirector of the Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences Program at the University of Arkansas, Little Rock. Jiandong Sun, PhD, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. Natasha Tasevska, MD, PhD, MSc formerly at the National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health. Lichen Yang, MD, PhD, is the nutrition team lead for CFCS and Director of Trace-Elements Division, National Center for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China. Ruilan Yang, MD, Department of Maternal and Child Health in Rural and Urban Centers in China. Qian Zhang, PhD, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China. Ning Wang, MSc, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China. Linhong Wang, MD, MS, is the Director of the National Center for Chronic and Noncommunicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China. Wang Yu, MD, PhD, Director General (former), Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.; Liwen Fang; Ling Hao; Regan R. Bailey; David Berrigan; Robert John Berry; Alison Brodie; Ann Chao; Jing Chen; Kevin Dodd; Yajing Feng; Guansheng Ma; Yuna He; Jing Fan; Michael Kimlin; Cari Kitahara; Martha Linet; Zhu Li; Ailing Liu; Yashan Liu; Joshua Sampson; Joseph Su; Jiandong Sun; Natasha Tasevska; Lichen Yang; Ruilan Yang; Qian Zhang; Ning Wang; Linhong Wang; Wang Yu Abstract This article reports the study design, methodological issues and early results of a pilot study testing methods for collecting nutrition, physical activity, and ultraviolet (UV) radiation exposure data in a groundbreaking study in China. Epidemiological studies suggest that exposures across the entire life course, including in utero, early childhood, and adolescence, may be important in the etiology of adult cancers and other chronic diseases. The Chinese Children and Families Cohort Study intends to follow-up subjects from the 1993 to 1995 Community Intervention Program of folic acid supplementation for the prevention of neural tube defects. This cohort is unique in that only folic acid exposure during pregnancy varies between groups as other supplements were not available, and there were nutrient deficiencies in the populations. Prior to launching a large-scale follow-up effort, a pilot study was conducted to assess the feasibility of recontacting original study participants to collect extensive diet, physical activity, and UV radiation exposure data in this population. The pilot study included 92 mothers and 184 adolescent children aged 14 to 17 years from 1 urban and 1 rural Community Intervention Program site. Subjects completed a Food Frequency Questionnaire, a 3-day food record, a physical activity questionnaire, a 3-day sun exposure diary together with 3 days of personal UV dosimetry, and 7 days of pedometry measurements and provided blood, saliva, and toenail samples. Grip strength and body composition measurements were taken, and ambient solar UV radiation was monitored in both study sites. While most of the assessments were successful, future studies would likely require different dietary intake instruments. The purpose of this report is to describe the study design and methodological issues emerging from this pilot work relevant for the follow-up of this large birth cohort.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A543067581