Deformable registration of 3D ultrasound volumes using automatic landmark generation

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Date: Mar. 15, 2019
From: PLoS ONE(Vol. 14, Issue 3)
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Document Type: Report
Length: 5,373 words
Lexile Measure: 1280L

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Abstract :

US image registration is an important task e.g. in Computer Aided Surgery. Due to tissue deformation occurring between pre-operative and interventional images often deformable registration is necessary. We present a registration method focused on surface structures (i.e. saliencies) of soft tissues like organ capsules or vessels. The main concept follows the idea of representative landmarks (so called leading points). These landmarks represent saliencies in each image in a certain region of interest. The determination of deformation was based on a geometric model assuming that saliencies could locally be described by planes. These planes were calculated from the landmarks using two dimensional linear regression. Once corresponding regions in both images were found, a displacement vector field representing the local deformation was computed. Finally, the deformed image was warped to match the pre-operative image. For error calculation we used a phantom representing the urinary bladder and the prostate. The phantom could be deformed to mimic tissue deformation. Error calculation was done using corresponding landmarks in both images. The resulting target registration error of this procedure amounted to 1.63 mm. With respect to patient data a full deformable registration was performed on two 3D-US images of the abdomen. The resulting mean distance error was 2.10 ± 0.66 mm compared to an error of 2.75 ± 0.57 mm from a simple rigid registration. A two-sided paired t-test showed a p-value

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A578536265