An acute viral hepatitis epidemic: does ultrasound help the pediatrician?

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Date: Mar. 10, 2021
From: BMC Research Notes(Vol. 14, Issue 1)
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Report
Length: 2,565 words
Lexile Measure: 1350L

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Abstract :

Objective Acute viral hepatitis (AVH) caused by hepatitis virus A and hepatitis virus E is one of the many epidemics that plague third world countries like Pakistan. The serological tests required for the diagnosis of acute viral hepatitis may be unavailable or unaffordable to the denizens of a developing country like Pakistan. In such a scenario, the clinical manifestations and the ultrasonographic findings are the only diagnostic criteria usually present and these can be used to support a clinical diagnosis. This study aims to judge the utility of ultrasound in the diagnosis of AVH. Results Among the forty-seven subjects of this study, gall bladder wall thickening (GWT) was the most common radiological finding seen in 39 (82.9%) patients. Pericholecystic edema was the second most common finding, seen in 31 (65.9%) patients. Starry sky appearance of the liver was observed in 30 (63.8) patients. Hepatomegaly and ascites were seen in 28 (59.5%) and 25 (53.2%) of the patients, respectively. The ultrasonographic findings of GWT, pericholecystic edema, and starry sky appearance of the liver were the most common ultrasonographic findings associated with AVH. Keywords: Acute viral hepatitis, Ultrasonography, Gallbladder wall thickening, Pericholecystic edema

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A655209405