Functional Analysis of SNPs in the ERCC5 Promoter in Advanced Colorectal Cancer Patients Treated With Oxaliplatin-Based Chemotherapy.

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Date: May 1, 2016
From: Medicine(Vol. 95, Issue 18)
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, WK Health
Document Type: Report; Author abstract; Brief article
Length: 327 words

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Byline: Jianfang Chen, From the Department of Oncology and Southwest Cancer Center, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China.; Xi Luo; Ganfeng Xie; Keli Chen; Heng Jiang; Feng Pan; Jianjun Li; Zhihua Ruan; Xueli Pang; Houjie Liang Abstract The promoter is the center for regulation of gene transcription due to containing numerous transcription factor binding sites. The aim of the study was to determine whether genetic variations at excision repair cross complementation group 5 (ERCC5) promoter could affect transcription factor binding and whether such single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-dependent binding could affect gene expression, drug response, and clinical outcome.A total of 170 patients who were cytologically or histologically confirmed with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC), at least 1 measurable lesion, and underwent oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy were studied. The polymerase chain reaction-ligation detection reaction (PCR-LDR) was used to analyze SNPs. The reporter gene assay system and electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA) were performed to investigate the effect of SNPs on the ERCC5 promoter activity and DNA-binding activity, respectively. The mRNA and protein expression of ERCC5 in tumor tissues of colorectal cancer patients with different genotypes were detected by real-time PCR and western blot, respectively.Both -763A and -763G allele had nuclear protein-binding ability. +25A allele did not show any nuclear protein-binding ability, whereas +25G allele did. The relative luciferase activity of the -763A/+25G haplotype was significantly higher than other 3 haplotypes (PÇè

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A671684187