Radotinib Induces Apoptosis of CD11b.sup.+ Cells Differentiated from Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cells

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From: PLoS ONE(Vol. 10, Issue 6)
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Document Type: Article
Length: 7,054 words
Lexile Measure: 1370L

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Abstract :

Radotinib, developed as a BCR/ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), is approved for the second-line treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in South Korea. However, therapeutic effects of radotinib in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are unknown. In the present study, we demonstrate that radotinib significantly decreases the viability of AML cells in a dose-dependent manner. Kasumi-1 cells were more sensitive to radotinib than NB4, HL60, or THP-1 cell lines. Furthermore, radotinib induced CD11b expression in NB4, THP-1, and Kasumi-1 cells either in presence or absence of all trans-retinoic acid (ATRA). We found that radotinib promoted differentiation and induced CD11b expression in AML cells by downregulating LYN. However, CD11b expression induced by ATRA in HL60 cells was decreased by radotinib through upregulation of LYN. Furthermore, radotinib mainly induced apoptosis of CD11b.sup.+ cells in the total population of AML cells. Radotinib also increased apoptosis of CD11b.sup.+ HL60 cells when they were differentiated by ATRA/dasatinib treatment. We show that radotinib induced apoptosis via caspase-3 activation and the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential ([DELTA][PSI].sub.m) in CD11b.sup.+ cells differentiated from AML cells. Our results suggest that radotinib may be used as a candidate drug in AML or a chemosensitizer for treatment of AML by other therapeutics.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A417656766