Bait attractants based on artificial fruit-essence for trapping and monitoring Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) females in Peshawar-Pakistan

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From: Phytoparasitica(Vol. 47, Issue 2)
Publisher: Springer
Document Type: Report
Length: 231 words

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Byline: Muhammad Shehzad Khan (1), Farman Ullah (1), Hayat Badshah (2), Bashir Ahmad (1), Inayat Ali Shahjehan (3), Paul-Andre Calatayud (4,5) Keywords: Bait traps; Fruit essence; Attractant; Strawberry; Flies capture Abstract: The spotted-wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), native to Asia was reported for the first time in Pakistan in 2005 from Islamabad. Following the recent detection of D. suzukii in cherry orchards at Kalam (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) a trapping system was developed to monitor it on fruits. The efficacy of three baited trap attractants using apple cider vinegar, yeast sugar solution and synthetic fruits-essence solution (using banana, guava or strawberry as fruit) were tested. Traps were installed at fruit markets at three different locations in Peshawar. The bait based on synthetic fruit-essence solution yielded the highest captures. Among the baits based on synthetic fruit-essence solution, the highest captures were obtained with strawberry essence. Author Affiliation: (1) 0000 0000 8577 8102, grid.412298.4, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Crop Protection Sciences, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan (2) Agricultural Research Institute (ARI), Tarnab Peshawar, Pakistan (3) 0000 0001 1882 0101, grid.266976.a, Department of Zoology, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan (4) IRD, EGCE (Evolution, Genome, Comportement, Ecologie), CNRS, University Paris-Sud, IDEEV, Universite, Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France (5) 0000 0004 1794 5158, grid.419326.b, icipe, P.O. Box 30772-00100, Nairobi, Kenya Article History: Registration Date: 06/03/2019 Received Date: 04/12/2018 Accepted Date: 05/03/2019 Online Date: 13/03/2019

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A585806632