Can Periodontal Disease Be Considered Linked to Obesity and Lipoinflammation? Mechanisms Involved in the Pathogenesis Occurrence.

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Publisher: Springer
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 218 words

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Abstract :

Keywords: Adipose tissue; Inflammation; Bone remodeling; Periodontal disease; Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand Abstract Obesity is a systemic disease, associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disorders, type 2 diabetes, cancer, asthma, and osteoarthritis. Overweight and obesity have been suggested to be associated with periodontitis as published in studies and narrative summaries. Obesity and periodontal diseases are very prevalent in the world, and both can lead to severe chronic health conditions and impair people's life quality. Knowledge of how immune mechanisms and inflammatory responses are regulated is critical for understanding the pathogenesis of complex diseases, such as periodontitis. In conditions of overweight, it has been demonstrated that approximately 70--80% of individuals present an adipose tissue turnover that is both structurally and functionally causing of the systemic inflammatory reaction. The objective of this review is to explore the influence of lipoinflammation. The effects of lipoinflammation and obesity on development of periodontal disease are reported together with the exploration of the mechanisms of interaction between these two diseases. Author Affiliation: (1) Bone Laboratory, Department of Medical, Surgical and Health Sciences, University of Trieste, Ospedale Maggiore, Piazza Ospitale 1, 34100, Trieste, Italy (2) School of Dental Sciences, Department of Medical, Surgical and Health Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy (a) nicolin@units.it Article History: Registration Date: 08/05/2020 Online Date: 08/13/2020 Byline:

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A633547251