Single-stranded DNA aptamer-based rolling circle amplification as anti-chicken Salmonella bacteriostatic.

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Date: May 2022
From: Veterinary World(Vol. 15, Issue 5)
Publisher: Veterinary World
Document Type: Article
Length: 3,876 words
Lexile Measure: 1310L

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Abstract :

Background and Aim: Salmonella is a major foodborne pathogen in the poultry industry, wherein the control measures may include sanitation and antibacterial and vaccines. However, there have been severe global restrictions on using antiSalmonella antibacterial agents in livestock. This situation, along with rapidly increasing drug-resistant bacterial species, has led to the exploration of unconventional methods to control Salmonella infection in poultry. In recent years, selection techniques of promising DNA aptamers have begun to permeate several medical branches, resulting in the development of numerous anti-Salmonella DNA aptamers, most of which are used as sensing molecules for diagnostic purposes. These DNA aptamers have been demonstrated to interfere with bacterial growth, multiplication, and viability. Aptamers formed in rolling circle amplification products (RCA-p) could improve the potential action of aptamer interference with bacteria. This study aimed to test the use of single-stranded DNA aptamers in the form of RCA-p as a bacteriostatic to Salmonella in vitro. Materials and Methods: Salmonella Typhimurium and Salmonella Enteritidis isolates were subjected to the action of anti-ST and anti-SE DNA aptamers in the form of RCA-p. Each isolate was grown on MacConkey and Luria-Bertani agar media separately in different concentrations in the presence or absence of the cognate RCA-p. Results: The anti-Salmonella species DNA aptamer-based RCA-p were capable of reducing bacterial growth to significant levels in vitro. Conclusion: We describe a potential solution for the rapidly developing drug resistance of several bacterial species. Our findings suggested that the use of non-toxic, non-immunogenic, and low-cost DNA aptamers targeting Salmonella in the form of RCA-p could inhibit the bacterial growth rate. Unlike polymerase chain reaction, RCA yields tandem repeats of single-stranded DNA at isothermal conditions, which would increase the probability of receptor-ligand clustering and increase affinity. Furthermore, as our RCA template was bivalent with two DNA aptamer sequences, we could target multiple sites or antigens on a bacterial cell. Keywords: DNA aptamers, rolling circle amplification, Salmonella.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A704237664