Presence of lymphocytic infiltrate cytotoxic T lymphocyte CD3.sup.+, CD8.sup.+, and immunoscore as prognostic marker in patients after radical cystectomy

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From: PLoS ONE(Vol. 13, Issue 10)
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Document Type: Report
Length: 4,427 words
Lexile Measure: 1440L

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Abstract :

Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TILs) has been shown to be essential to predict disease outcome in several types of cancers. Moreover, the distribution of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CD8+) and T cells in general (CD3+) have been used to establish an Immunoscore, as a new cancer prognosticator for survival in colon and lung cancer. In bladder cancer, immune activation has been shown to be associated with genomic subtypes of muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). We sought to evaluate the prognostic impact of these immune cell types in MIBC patients treated with radical cystectomy. For this purpose, cystectomy sections (n = 67) with identifiable invasive margin were selected and stained for CD8.sup.+ and CD3.sup.+ tumour infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs); both tumor core (CT) and invasive margin (IM) were assessed. Immunoscore was calculated based on previously defined criteria and used to illustrate differences in survival. High density of CD8.sub.IM TILs was associated with better disease-free (DFS) (P = 0.01) and overall survival (OS) (P = 0.02) whereas CD3.sub.IM TILs were associated with better OS (P = 0.05). Immunoscore was associated with improved DFS (P = 0.02) and OS (P = 0.05). The expression of cytotoxic T cells (CD8+ T cells) in TCGA bladder cancer was also investigated from RNA-Seq profiles of 344 cases. T cell cytotoxicity associated genes (n = 113) were derived from MSig GSEA database. Luminal (n = 121) and basal (n = 68) samples were used to evaluate expression differences. Differential expression (P

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A559617879