AUY922 induces retinal toxicity through attenuating TRPM1.

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From: Journal of Biomedical Science(Vol. 28, Issue 1)
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Article
Length: 11,042 words
Lexile Measure: 1460L

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Abstract :

Background Ocular adverse events are common dose-limiting toxicities in cancer patients treated with HSP90 inhibitors, such as AUY922; however, the pathology and molecular mechanisms that mediate AUY922-induced retinal toxicity remain undescribed. Methods The impact of AUY922 on mouse retinas and cell lines was comprehensively investigated using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ)-based proteomic profiling and pathway enrichment analysis, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence staining, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay, MTT assay, colony formation assay, and western blot analysis. The effect of AUY922 on the Transient Receptor Potential cation channel subfamily M member 1 (TRPM1)-HSP90 chaperone complex was characterized by coimmunoprecipitation. TRPM1-regulated gene expression was analyzed by RNAseq analysis and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). The role of TRPM1 was assessed using both loss-of-function and gain-of-function approaches. Results Here, we show that the treatment with AUY922 induced retinal damage and cell apoptosis, dysregulated the photoreceptor and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) layers, and reduced TRPM1 expression. Proteomic profiling and functional annotation of differentially expressed proteins reveals that those related to stress responses, protein folding processes, regulation of apoptosis, cell cycle and growth, reactive oxygen species (ROS) response, cell junction assembly and adhesion regulation, and proton transmembrane transport were significantly enriched in AUY922-treated cells. We found that AUY922 triggered caspase-3-dependent cell apoptosis, increased ROS production and inhibited cell growth. We determined that TRPM1 is a bona fide HSP90 client and characterized that AUY922 may reduce TRPM1 expression by disrupting the CDC37-HSP90 chaperone complex. Additionally, GSEA revealed that TRPM1-regulated genes were associated with retinal morphogenesis in camera-type eyes and the JAK-STAT cascade. Finally, gain-of-function and loss-of-function analyses validated the finding that TRPM1 mediated the cell apoptosis, ROS production and growth inhibition induced by AUY922. Conclusions Our study demonstrates the pathology of AUY922-induced retinal toxicity in vivo. TRPM1 is an HSP90 client, regulates photoreceptor morphology and function, and mediates AUY922-induced cytotoxicity. Keywords: Retinal toxicity, Photoreceptor, HSP90, CDC37, AUY922, TRPM1

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A672346461