Surface roughness, plaque accumulation, and cytotoxicity of provisional restorative materials fabricated by different methods.

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Date: Apr. 5, 2021
From: PLoS ONE(Vol. 16, Issue 4)
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Document Type: Report
Length: 5,046 words
Lexile Measure: 1450L

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Abstract :

Fabricating method may affect the surface properties and biological characteristics of provisional restorations. This study aimed to evaluate the surface roughness, plaque accumulation, and cytotoxicity of provisional restorative materials fabricated by the conventional, digital subtractive and additive methods. Sixty-six bar-shaped specimens (2x4x10 mm) were fabricated by using provisional restorative materials through the conventional, digital subtractive and additive methods (n = 22 per group). Ten specimens of each group were used for surface roughness and plaque accumulation tests, 10 specimens for cytotoxicity assay, and 2 specimens of each group were used for qualitative assessment by scanning electron microscopy. The R.sub.a (roughness average) and R.sub.z (roughness height) values ([mu]m) were measured via profilometer, and visual inspection was performed through scanning electron microscopy. Plaque accumulation of Streptococcus mutans and cytotoxicity on human gingival fibroblast-like cells were evaluated. The data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test ([alpha] = 0.05). Surface roughness, biofilm accumulation and cytotoxicity were significantly different among the groups (P

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A657454617