Investigating the role of E-contact and self-disclosure on improving Turkish-Kurdish interethnic relations.

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From: Journal of Applied Social Psychology(Vol. 51, Issue 6)
Publisher: Wiley Subscription Services, Inc.
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 210 words

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Abstract :

Abstract While recent research has started to pay more attention to the role of contact strategies on promoting intergroup harmony between Turkish and Kurdish communities, the effectiveness of a novel form of indirect contact strategy, E-contact-where participants engage in a cooperative and structured online interaction with an individual from the outgroup-has not yet been tested. Across two studies (N.sub.Study 1 = 110, N.sub.Study 2 = 176), we investigated the effects of E-contact among Turks on promoting positive attitudes and behavioral tendencies toward Kurds, testing outgroup trust and intergroup anxiety as mediators and incorporating a distinction between lower and higher self-disclosure conditions. As expected, E-contact led to more positive outgroup attitudes, as well as greater approach tendencies and decreased avoidance tendencies through increased outgroup trust (Studies 1 and 2) and reduced intergroup anxiety (Study 2). Study 2 also found that E-contact produced lower perceived interethnic conflict through increased outgroup trust. While both lower and higher personal disclosure conditions provided similar effects in the two studies, E-contact with heightened self-disclosure was especially effective at promoting more positive outgroup attitudes and reducing avoidance tendencies. Findings highlight potential benefits of using E-contact as a prejudice-reduction strategy in conflict settings. Byline: Sabahat C. Bagci, Ipek Guvensoy, Rhiannon N. Turner, Fiona A. White, Zeynep E. Piyale

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A665872084