miR-196a-5p-Rich Extracellular Vesicles from Trophoblasts Induce M1 Polarization of Macrophages in Recurrent Miscarriage.

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Date: May 23, 2022
Publisher: Hindawi Limited
Document Type: Medical condition overview
Length: 8,249 words
Lexile Measure: 1310L

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Abstract :

Purpose. Numerous studies have described the presence of crosstalk between trophoblasts and macrophages and the critical role it plays in recurrent miscarriage (RM). However, the mechanism of trophoblast-derived extracellular vesicle (EV) miRNAs and their interactions with decidual macrophages in the pathogenesis of RM remains unclear. Materials and Methods. miRNA-seq was used to identify the differentially expressed miRNAs between RM patients and healthy controls. qPCR and in situ hybridization assays were performed to analyze the expression levels of miR-196a-5p in RM. THP-1 cells were treated with EVs, and qPCR and flow cytometry were performed to explore the polarization of macrophages. To explore the crosstalk between trophoblasts and macrophages, a coculture model and a series of cell function assays were performed. Results. We first demonstrated that miR-196a-5p expression was higher in the cytotrophoblasts of villous tissues and plasma EVs from RM patients. miR-196a-5p derived from trophoblasts could be transferred into macrophages via EVs to induce M1 polarization via Iκ Bα -mediated NF-κ B pathway. Moreover, we found that M1 macrophages induced by EV miR-196a-5p derived from trophoblasts conversely regulated the proliferation, migration, and apoptosis of trophoblasts via TNF-α . Conclusions. This study indicated that trophoblast-derived EV miR-196a-5p was positively associated with RM and functioned by regulating the crosstalk between trophoblasts and macrophages. These findings may attribute to identify a novel biomarker specific for RM.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A706121880