Structure and longitudinal invariance of the Short Alcohol and Alcohol Problems Perception Questionnaire.

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Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Document Type: Clinical report
Length: 420 words

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Keywords Short Alcohol Attitudes Problem Perception Questionnaire; Measurement invariance; Internal structure; Attitudes toward drinking problems; Human services professionals Highlights * Despite widespread use, research has not confirmed the structure of the SAAPPQ or tested it for measurement invariance. * This study examined the structure and longitudinal invariance of the SAAPPQ in a sample of 241 human services professionals-in-training. * We found a four-factor structure, rather than the previously reported five factors, and a strong degree of scalar invariance held longitudinally. * Few factor intercorrelations were significant at time one, suggesting global scores should not be used. * Additional confirmatory studies are needed to ensure that inferences based on the four subscale scores are not compromised by measurement bias. Abstract Many studies have employed the Short Alcohol Attitudes Problem Perception Questionnaire (SAAPPQ) to measure professionals' attitudes toward working with people experiencing alcohol problems. However, research has not confirmed the internal structure of the SAAPPQ, leaving open the possibility that scale scores are not valid empirical proxies for underlying attitudes. It is also unclear if measurement invariance holds over time or across groups. This is an important gap in light of evidence that (a) experiences can change the structure of scales and (b) structures of some popular scales differ dramatically between groups. Thus, measurement bias may confound comparisons of composite SAAPPQ scores between measurement occasions or groups. To address these gaps in the literature, we conducted a longitudinal examination of the psychometrics of the SAAPPQ using data from 241 human services professionals-in-training. We found a four-factor structure, rather than the previously reported five factors. Configural, metric, and a strong degree of scalar invariance held longitudinally. Few factor intercorrelations were significant at time one and they strengthened over time, suggesting that the SAAPPQ should not be aggregated at higher-order levels (i.e., global scores should not be used). Findings suggest four SAAPPQ subscale scores may be used as valid proxies for attitudes toward alcohol users; however, additional confirmatory studies are needed to ensure that measurement bias does not compromise inferences based on SAAPPQ scores. Author Affiliation: College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services, School of Human Services, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221, United States of America * Corresponding author at: School of Human Services, College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services, University of Cincinnati, 460R Teachers- Dyer Complex, P.O. Box 210068, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0068. Article History: Received 15 October 2019; Revised 27 April 2020; Accepted 18 May 2020 Byline: George B. Richardson [george.richardson@uc.edu] (*), Rachel Smith, Linnea Lowe, Shauna P. Acquavita

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A627789552