Evaluation of activities of daily living following pseudophakic presbyopic correction

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From: Eye and Vision(Vol. 4, Issue 1)
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Report
Length: 4,093 words
Lexile Measure: 1440L

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Abstract :

Background Pseudophakic presbyopic correction is among the prevalent methods for regaining near vision capacity. The purpose of this study is to compare the impact of pseudophakic monovision correction and multifocal lens implantation on the performance in a series of activities of daily living (ADL) of presbyopic patients. Methods An ADL research framework (10 ADLs) was constructed and validated in a sample of patients divided into three validation groups according to their near visual acuity. Sixty-two participants that underwent mini-monovision (MoG) cataract extraction and 60 that underwent bilateral multifocal lenses implantation (MfG) populated study groups and addressed the ADLs. Binocular uncorrected distant (BdUVA) and near (BnUVA) visual acuity were associated with ADL scores and with subjective satisfaction using the VF-14 questionnaire. Results Test-retest reliability [all Intraclass Correlations Coefficients (ICC) 0.90] and construct validity (all p Conclusions Both methods provide sufficient near vision capacity for the majority of activities of daily living. However, only multifocal lens implantation can address demanding near vision tasks. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02431156. Keywords: Cataract, Presbyopia, Monovision, Multifocal intraocular lenses, Activities of daily living

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A480559957