Responses of a predatory bug to a mixture of herbivore-induced plant volatiles from multiple plant species

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Date: Oct. 2016
From: Arthropod - Plant Interactions(Vol. 10, Issue 5)
Publisher: Springer
Document Type: Report
Length: 311 words

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Abstract :

To access, purchase, authenticate, or subscribe to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11829-016-9456-6 Byline: Haftay G. Gebreziher (1), Kiyoshi Nakamuta (1) Keywords: Olfactory responses; Orius strigicollis; Multiple host plant species; Herbivore-induced plant volatiles; Reconstituted HIPVs; Y-tube olfactometer Abstract: The attractiveness of herbivore-induced plant volatiles (HIPVs) from a specific plant species to natural enemies has been well established. However, under natural conditions and polycultural agriculture systems, the interactions among trophic levels are thought to be more complex. For instance, complex mixtures of volatiles emitted from diverse host plant species infested by polyphagous herbivores might affect responses of natural enemies. In this study, we investigated whether a mixture of HIPVs emitted from herbivore-damaged multiple host plant species affect responses of a predatory bug. Therefore, we report (1) olfactory responses of the predatory bug (Orius strigicollis) to volatiles emitted from cotton bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera) first instar larvae-damaged multiple plant species (tomato, French bean and sweet corn), (2) chemical analyses of volatiles emitted from the three plant species exposed to different treatments and (3) olfactory responses of the predators to a reconstituted HIPV blend from multiple plant species based on chemical analyses. O. strigicollis significantly preferred volatiles emanating from H. armigera-damaged multiple plant species to volatiles emanating from a single plant species. In all the three plant species, H. armigera-damaged seedlings emitted significantly a greater amount of volatiles as well as a larger number of volatile compounds than an undamaged or a mechanically injured seedling. The predators preferred the reconstituted HIPVs from multiple plant species to the reconstituted HIPVs from a single plant species. Thus, the mixture of HIPVs from multiple plant species enhanced the attractiveness to the predators. Author Affiliation: (1) Department of Horticulture, Chiba University, Matsudo, Chiba, 271-8510, Japan Article History: Registration Date: 14/07/2016 Received Date: 14/01/2016 Accepted Date: 14/07/2016 Online Date: 29/07/2016 Article note: Handling Editor: Jarmo Holopainen.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A463526237