Predictive models composed by radiomic features extracted from multi-detector computed tomography images for predicting low- and high- grade clear cell renal cell carcinoma: A STARD-compliant article

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Date: Jan. 2019
From: Medicine(Vol. 98, Issue 2)
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, WK Health
Document Type: Author abstract; Report
Length: 423 words

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Byline: Xiaopeng He, Department of Radiology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan Province, China.; Hanmei Zhang, Department of Radiology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu; Tong Zhang, Department of Radiology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu; Fugang Han, Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan Province, China.; Bin Song, Department of Radiology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu Abstract To evaluate the values of conventional image features (CIFs) and radiomic features (RFs) extracted from multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) images for predicting low- and high-grade clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC).Two hundred twenty-seven patients with ccRCC were retrospectively recruited. Five hundred seventy features including 14 CIFs and 556 RFs were extracted from MDCT images of each ccRCC. The CIFs were extracted manually and RFs by the free software-MaZda. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (Lasso) was applied to shrink the high-dimensional data set and select the features. Five predictive models for predicting low- and high-grade ccRCC were constructed by the selected CIFs and RFs. The 5 models were as follows: model of minimum mean squared error (minMSE) of CIFs (CIF-minMSE), minMSE of cortico-medullary phase (CMP) of kidney (CMP-minMSE), minMSE of parenchyma phase (PP) of kidney (PP-minMSE), the combined model of CIF-minMSE and CMP-minMSE (CIF-CMP-minMSE), and the combined model of CIF-minMSE and PP-minMSE (CIF-PP-minMSE). The Lasso regression equation of each model was constructed, and the predictive values were calculated. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of predictive values of the 5 models were drawn by SPSS19.0, and the areas under the curves (AUCs) were calculated.According to Lasso regression, 12, 19 and 10 features were respectively selected from the CIFs, RFs of CMP image and that of PP images to construct the 5 predictive models. The models ordered by their AUCs from large to small were CIF-CMP-minMSE (AUC: 0.986), CIF-PP-minMSE (AUC: 0.981), CIF-minMSE (AUC: 0.980), CMP-minMSE (AUC: 0.975), and PP-minMSE (AUC: 0.963). The maximum diameter of the largest axial section of ccRCC had a maximum weight in predicting the grade of ccRCC among all the features, and its cutoff value was 6.15 cm with a sensitivity of 0.901, a specificity of 0.963, and an AUC of 0.975.When combined with CIFs, RFs extracted from MDCT images contributed to the larger AUC of the predictive model, but were less valuable than CIFs when used alone. The CIF-CMP-minMSE was the optimal predictive model. The maximum diameter of the largest axial section of ccRCC had the largest weight in all features.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A569142036